Submission. Articles should be submitted to the International Journal of Biology Instruction online submission at submissions.
IJBI accepts biology education research manuscripts which have not been published and are not currently in the process of scientific publication elsewhere. The manuscript texts are written in English. Manuscripts in English will be first reviewed by editorial staff. The main text of a manuscript must be submitted as a Word document (.doc) or Rich Text Format (.rtf) file.
The manuscript well-typed in a single column on A4 size paper, use 12 pt of Times New Roman. The manuscript contains an original work and has potentially contributed to the highly scientific advancement.
The manuscript should contain the following section in order:
Title of articles in English should describe the main content of manuscripts, be informative, concise, and not too wordy (12-17 words only), and does not contain formulas. The title describes the conducted research, Times New Roman, Font size 16, single line spacing, 0 pt after spacing.
The author name
Full name without academic degrees and titles, written in capital letters. Manuscript written by groups needs to supplemented by complete contact details.
Name of affiliation for each author
The author name should be accompanied by complete affiliation address and corresponding email.
Abstract, which comprised of approximately 200 -250 words, provides a brief description of research problems, aims, method used, and results. It emphasizes research results in which writen in single line spacing. 3 to 5 keywords must be written to describe the research scope observed as well as the main terms undergirding the research. These keywords can be single and/or combined words.
Keywords: Written in English 3-5 words or groups of words, written alphabetically.
The introduction comprises of: (1) research problem; (2) insight and problem solve planning; (3) research aims; (4) summary of theoretical studies related to the observed problems. This section could also provide the expected results. The introduction must be written in single line spacing.
This template format was made in MS Word (.doc) which then been saved in Rich Text Format (.rtf). It enables the authors to prepare their manuscripts which meet the IJBI conditions properly. The body articles must be written in Times New Roman, font size 12, 0 pt before spacing, and 0 pt after spacing.
Basically, this section describes the way the research was done. The main materials must be written here: (1) research design; (2) population and samples; (3) sample collection techniques and instrumental development; (4) procedure; (5) data analysis techniques.
The specification and type of tools and materials must be written in case the researches have been conducted by using them.
The qualitative research, such as classroom action research, case studies, and so forth, need to mention the researcher attendance, research subject, and participated informants, as well as the methods used to explore the data, research location, research duration, and the description of research results validation.
It is suggested that the authors avoid organizing the article content into the smaller parts than second subheading in this section. However, in the case of unavoidable factors, the writing style must follow the "Results and Discussion" section.
Results and Discussion
This section is the main part of the research result article in which the fix results are served. The data analysis processes, such as statistical computing and hypothesis testing, are not necessary to be served. The materials reported are the analysis results and hypothesis testing results. In addition, tables and graphics are also can be showed to enunciate the verbal narration. Tables and images must be given comment or discussion. The details of qualitative research written in some sub-topics which directly related to the focused category.
The discussion of article aims to: (1) answer the problems and research questions; (2) show the ways the findings obtained; (3) interpret the findings; (4) relate the finding results to the settled-knowledge structure; (5) bring up new theories or modify the exist theories.
Research results must be clearly concluded in answering the research questions. Interpreting the findings should be done by using logics and present theories. The findings in form of facts found in the research fields are integrated to previous researches or present theories. This must be supported by reliable references. In case the researchers bring a new theories, the old theories can be confirmed or rejected, or modify the old theories.
In some cases, it is unavoidable to organize an article by making sub-headings. Thus, this is the format to write Biosferjpb manuscripts with sub-headings. In this section, there are specific rules which cannot be separated in an articles.
This part provides the summary of results and discussion which refers to the research aims. Thus, the new principal ideas, which are essential part of the research findings, are developed.
The suggestions, which are arranged based on research discussed-findings, are also written in this part. These should be based on practical activities, new theoretical development, and/or advance research.
This section can be written in case there are certain parties need to be acknowledged, such as research sponsors. The acknowledgement must be written in brief and clear. In addition, avoid the hyperbole acknowledgment.
Citation and referencing must be written based on APA style 6th Edition which is organized by using Mendeley software latest version.
Margianti, E.S. (2003). The relationship between attitudes and achievement of university students in computer classrooms in Indonesia. In M.S. Khine & D. Fisher (Eds.), Technology-rich learning environments. A future perspective (pp. 71-96). Singapore: World Scientific
Zubaidah, S & Corebima, D.A. (2016). Remap-Coople (Reading-Concept Map-Cooperative Learning). Malang: Aditya Media Publishing.
eBook â€“ online book
Niemann, S., Greenstein, D., & David, D. (2004). Helping children who are deaf: Family and community support for children who do not hear well. Retrieved from http://www.hesperian.org/ publications_download_deaf.php
Schiraldi, G. R. (2001). The post-traumatic stress disorder sourcebook: A guide to healing, recovery, and growth [Adobe Digital Editions version]. doi:10.1036/0071393722
An article/ chapter in eBook
Williams, J., & Nieuwsma, J. (2016). Screening for depression in adults. In J. A. Melin (Ed.), UpToDate. Retrieved from https://www.uptodate.com/contents/screening-for- depression-in-adults.
Dictionary / Encyclopaedia print
VandenBos, G. R. (Ed.). (2007). APA dictionary of psychology. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
Dictionary / Encyclopaedia online
Arcus, D. (2001). Attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In B. Strickland (Ed.), The Gale encyclopedia of psychology. Retrieved from http://www.gale.cengage.com/
Note: If retrieved from a database, do a Web search for the home page of the publisher of the encyclopedia and use the URL in the reference.
Journal article with one authors separated paging (paginated by issue)
Jackson, A. (2007). New approaches to drug therapy. Psychology Today and Tomorrow, 27(1), 54-59.
Dempsey, I. (2012). The use of individual education programs for children in Australian Schools. Australasian Journal of Special Education, 36(1), 21-31. doi:10.1017/jse.2012.5
Journal article with two authors continuous paging throughout a volume.
Kramer, E., & Bloggs, T. (2002). On quality in art and art therapy. American Journal of Art Therapy, 40, 218-231.
Journal article with three to five authors
Elo, A., Ervasti, J., Kuosma, E., & Mattila, P. (2008). Evaluation of an organizational stress management program in a municipal public works organization. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 13(1), 10-23. doi: 10.1037/1076-89188.8.131.52
Journal article with six to seven authors
Restouin, A., Aresta, S., PreÌbet, T., Borg, J., Badache, A., & Collette, Y. (2009). A simplified, 96-wellâ€“adapted, ATP luminescenceâ€“based motility assay. BioTechniques, 47, 871â€“875. doi: 10.2144/000113250
Journal article with eight or more authors
Steel, J., Youssef, M., Pfeifer, R., Ramirez, J. M., Probst, C., Sellei, R., ... Pape, H. C. (2010). Health-related quality of life in patients with multiple injuries and traumatic brain injury 10+ years postinjury. Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care, 69(3), 523-531. doi: 10.1097/TA.0b013e3181e90c24
Journal or magazine article with no volume or issue number
Wychick, J., & Thompson, L. (2005, November 24). Fallen for a scam lately? AustraliaToday, 54-60.
Newspaper article with an author
Waterford, J. (2007, May 30). Bill of Rights gets it wrong. The Canberra Times, p. 1
Newspaper article without an author
Internet pioneer to oversee network redesign. (2007, May 28). The Canberra Times, p. 15.
Article in an online newsletter
Australians and the Western Front. (2009, November). Ozculture newsletter. Retrieved from http://www.cultureandrecreation.gov.au/ newsletter/
Conference or seminar papers in published proceedings print
Edge, M. (1996). Lifetime prediction: Fact or fancy? In M. S. Koch, T. Padfield, J. S. Johnsen, & U. B. Kejser (Eds.), Proceedings of the Conference on Research Techniques in Photographic Conservation (pp. 97-100). Copenhagen, Denmark: Royal Danish Academy of Fine Arts.
Conference or seminar papers in published proceedings online
Tester, J. W. (2008). The future of geothermal energy as a major global energy supplier. In H. Gurgenci & A. R. Budd (Eds.), Proceedings of the Sir Mark Oliphant International Frontiers of Science and Technology Australian Geothermal Energy Conference, Canberra, Australia: Geoscience Australia. Retrieved from http://www.ga.gov.au/image_cache/ GA11825.pdf
Government department as author
Department of Finance and Administration. (2006). Delivering Australian Government services: Managing multiple channels. Canberra, Australia: Author.
Government report online
Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. (2008). Families in Australia: 2008. Retrieved from http://www.dpmc.gov.au/ publications/families/index.cfm#contact
Thesis or Dissertation print
Duddle, M. (2009). Intraprofessional relations in nursing: A case study (Unpublished doctoral thesis), University of Sydney, Australia.
Thesis or Dissertation retrieved from the web
Lacey, D. (2011). The role of humiliation in collective political violence (Masters thesis, University of Sydney, Australia). Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/2123/7128